Louisville Election FAQs
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Who Should You Vote For? When Is The Election? Who Are My Candidates? This Voters Guide Is Provided By Judge Sean Delahanty To Help You Vote On November 6, 2018.
Kentucky Court Information
Circuit Court is the court of general jurisdiction that hears civil matters involving more than $5,000, capital offenses and felonies, land dispute title cases and contested probate cases. Circuit Court has the power to issue injunctions, writs of prohibition and writs of mandamus and to hear appeals from District Court and administrative agencies.
As a division of Circuit Court with general jurisdiction, the family court division of Circuit Court further retains primary jurisdiction in cases involving dissolution of marriage; child custody; visitation; maintenance and support; equitable distribution of property in dissolution cases; adoption; and, termination of parental rights. In addition to general jurisdiction of Circuit Court, the family court division of Circuit Court, concurrent with the District Court, has jurisdiction over proceedings involving domestic violence and abuse; the Uniform Act on Paternity and the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act; dependency, neglect, and abuse; and, juvenile status offenses.
One judge may serve more than one county within a circuit. Some circuits contain only one county but have several judges, depending on population and caseload. Circuit judges serve in eight-year terms.
District Court is the court of limited jurisdiction and handles juvenile matters, city and county ordinances, misdemeanors, violations, traffic offenses, probate of wills, arraignments, felony probable cause hearings, small claims involving $2,500 or less, civil cases involving $5,000 or less, voluntary and involuntary mental commitments and cases relating to domestic violence and abuse. District judges serve four-year terms.
Information reposted from https://courts.ky.gov/courts/Pages/default.aspx
What is Arraignment Court
An arraignment in Arraignment Court is a court proceeding at which a criminal defendant is formally advised of the charges against him and is asked to enter a plea to the charges. In many states, the court may also decide at arraignment whether the defendant will be released pending trial.
The Arraignment Process
Arraignment is the initial court hearing whereby a person charged with a crime is advised of his or her criminal charges. Additionally, the person will be advised of his or her constitutional rights and their first pre-trial or probable cause hearing date. The court will set bond and any accompanying conditions. For example, someone may be released on his or her own recognizance (R.O.R.) but prohibited from contact with the alleged victim or place of the violation. Those defendants with some form of suspended or probated sentences may also expect to be served with written notice of the prosecutor’s intent to seek revocation of that jail sentence. For those facing felony charges who are not released or do not post bond, the prosecutor must provide a preliminary or probable cause hearing on or before the 10th day after arraignment, excluding weekends and holidays. Those individuals who are charged with a felony and released from jail are entitled to a probable cause hearing within 20 days of their arraignment, again excluding weekends and holidays.
If the person is in custody, his or her arraignment will be held at the Louisville Metro Department of Corrections. You will not be permitted inside the secure courtroom; however, the court has set up a room for relatives and interested parties to watch the arraignment on a closed-circuit two-way television system. When your friend or loved one appears before the judge, you may appear at a lectern that has a two-way camera with the judge. The judge may ask you questions regarding the defendant’s living arrangements, ties to the community, employment and other information the court may be interested in securing to determine an appropriate bond or conditions for release.
One Family, One Judge, One Court
Family Court is involved in the most intimate and complex aspects of human nature and social relations. For that reason, Family Court uses a case management process that distinguishes it from other trial courts. With the One Family, One Judge, One Court approach, cases are presented in a single court, allowing the same judge to hear all matters involving a particular family. This reduces the stress that can arise when individuals are shuttled between courts to resolve a variety of issues.
Focusing on the Needs of Families
Because Family Court gives cases involving families and children the highest priority, these cases do not compete with criminal and other civil cases for judicial time. As a division of Circuit Court, which is the highest trial court in Kentucky, Family Court employs full-time judges with the same qualifications as those who serve the other divisions of Circuit Court.
In addition to the family matters heard in Circuit Court, Family Court judges also handle family law matters that were traditionally decided in District Court. Family Court jurisdiction is defined by KRS 23A.100 and 23A.110 and includes the following:
- Dissolution of marriage
- Spousal support and equitable
- Child custody, support and visitation
- Paternity, adoption
- Domestic violence
- Dependency, neglect and abuse
- Termination of parental rights
- Status Offenses (runaways, truancy, beyond control)
Reposted from https://courts.ky.gov/courts/familycourt/Pages/default.aspx
Drug Court is a shining example of Kentucky’s success in specialty courts. Instead of spending time in jail, eligible participants complete a substance abuse program supervised by a judge. Drug Court graduates are more likely to return to productive lives and stay gainfully employed, pay child support and meet other obligations.
Kentucky Drug Court was created in 1996 to assist individuals who have entered the criminal justice system as a result of drug use or drug-related criminal activity and are choosing to achieve and maintain recovery. Drug Court combines close court supervision and treatment with other services to intervene and break the cycle of substance abuse, addiction and crime.
The program uses a team approach that requires collaboration among judges, Specialty Court staff, prosecutors, defense counsel, treatment professionals, law enforcement officers and other community agencies. These professionals help addicted individuals regain control of their lives through judicial oversight, intensive supervision and monitoring, participation in substance abuse treatment sessions and self-help groups, frequent and random urine screens, and referrals to community service agencies and other services.
Today there is irrefutable evidence that Drug Court is achieving what it set out to do — substantially reduce drug use and criminal behavior in drug-addicted offenders. For more than 20 years, the program’s solid track record has convinced leaders in state government, along with local judges, prosecutors and treatment providers, that Drug Court is an essential part of the Kentucky court system.
Drug Court operates under the Department of Specialty Courts at the Administrative Office of the Courts.
This was reposted from https://courts.ky.gov/courtprograms/drugcourt/Pages/default.aspx